Ancient Mediterranean Trade: The History of the Trade Routes Throughout the Region and the Birth of Globalization

The concept of international trade was born in the ancient Mediterranean, which provided the perfect set of circumstances needed to produce an intricate trading system whose...

Crypto-Jews, The: The History of the Forcibly Converted Jews Who Secretly Practiced Judaism during the Inquisition

By the end of the 14th century, the distrust and prejudice against Jewish communities quickly spread to Spain. In 1391, James II of Aragon boarded the bandwagon; backed into a...

Typhoid Mary: The Notorious Life and Legacy of the Cook Who Caused a Typhoid Outbreak in New York

Outbreaks of disease, much like wars, inevitably produce a series of public figures who serve as emblematic heroes or villains of the era and event, and in the case of Mary...

Tennis Court Oath, The: The History and Legacy of the National Assembly’s Pivotal Meeting at the Beginning of the French Revolution

As one of the seminal social revolutions in human history, the French Revolution holds a unique legacy, especially in the West. The early years of the Revolution were fueled by...

Umayyad Caliphate, The: The History and Legacy of the Second Islamic Kingdom Established After Muhammad’s Death

The split between the two forms of Islam was already in the process of forming upon the death of the Prophet Muhammad. Muhammad had constructed around himself not only a potent...

Shining Path, The: The History of Peru’s Revolutionary Communist Party and the Ongoing Civil War

On the evening of May 17, 1980, a day before the Peruvian electorate, the most representative in the nation’s history, was due to go to the polls for the first authentic...

Weird Rome: A Collection of Mysterious Stories, Odd Anecdotes, and Strange Superstitions from the Ancient Romans

The ambitious and fearless emperors who built the legendary Roman Empire from scratch, the broad-shouldered and bronzed gladiators with their iconic plume helmets and glinting...

Kingdom of Mitanni, The: The Mysterious History of the Short-Lived Mesopotamian Civilization during the Late Bronze Age

The Late Bronze Age Near East (c. 1500-1200 BCE) was a time and place where great kingdoms and empires vied for land and influence, playing high stakes diplomatic games, trading,...

Sandinistas, The: The Controversial History and Legacy of the Socialist Party’s Revolution, Civil War, and Politics in Nicaragua

For much of the 20th century, Latin American governments in large part lived under a system of military junta governments. The mixture of indigenous peoples, foreign settlers and...

John Wesley Powell: The Life and Legacy of One of 19th Century America’s Most Influential Explorers

One of the men most responsible for the closing of the frontier was John Wesley Powell, arguably the best-known American explorer after Lewis and Clark. He was lionized for a...

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